Monday, August 29, 2016

Nottingham and Robin Hood. Sherwood Forest.

Robin Hood statue, Nottingham, England

Robin Hood. He is understated in his town, Nottingham, and in his woods, Sherwood Forest. See; and There is a fine interactive museum, however, with tableaux and details and old ledgers.

  • Update to 2016:  New archeological finds at nearby King's Clipstone, a village where The King's Houises, a/k/a King John's palace documented in 1164 are laid out at Archeology Magazine, Sept-Oct 2016, see

Robin Hood, according to the exhibits, is a generic type of name, like John Doe, used for any unknown petty criminal or other hapless individual arrested for whatever.

 Robin Hood did this, Robin Hood did that. See the ledgers through the years.  All those activities over that long period of time could not have referred to one person. But as anywhere, stories illustrate larger truths, and may well not be true in themselves. Legend, myth. Robin Hood. See the tales at

Many Robin Hoods:  Perhaps the main model for our Robin Hood was one Robin fitz Ooth, Earl of Huntingdon, born 1160, died 1247, Or Sir Robert Foliot, 1110-1165, or Robert Hod, or Robert de Kyme, 1210-1285, Robert Hood of the Wakefield Roles, 1290-1346, or several others not listed at the robinhood info site above.  Or a collage.

 Once a figure is identified, religions or social, the stories collect, and soon have a life of their own.

Sunday offers limited visiting hours. Visiting on a Sunday is good for leisurely strolls and a less crowded museum; but not all exhibit areas are open early. The underground caves and dungeon areas beneath the castle area did not open until much later.

Sing it again, Robin Hood riding through the glen, at

Update 2010:  the new film, Robin Hood, at, is fun and fast-fighting, but nothing at Nottingham seems to support the details.

Friday, July 15, 2016

Worcester. King Ceowulf II of Mercia, defender of England. Move over, King Alfred of Wessex.

Hwaet! An ally of King Alfred of Wessex seeks his time on the stage as a hero of England, against the Vikings.  Co-efforts shown on coins with faces together, equal, as to Alfred and Ceowulf.

Share, children.  Share.  History rewrites by the chroniclers serving the agenda of the king best equipped to chronicle, rule the day, but eventually some do get corrected.

Here, the chroniclers of Alfred the Great, King Alfred of Wessex, who beat back the Vikings at Edington and is therefore a great hero, had help.  Not only help, but perhaps the efforts of the unsung King Ceowulf II, king of Mercia 874-877 were dispositive.  Coins have been found that display Alfred and Ceowulf equally on the face of the coins.  A few of them had been found earlier, but a new discovery shows the widespread dissemination of them and points to a strong alliance between the kings. See support at

Ceowulf is not only written out of history, the few accounts of him are unfavorable. See
Ceowulf was dismissed as a "foolish king's thane" holding lands for the interest of the Vikings in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, see historyfiles site, and, for example.  Instead, he was independent, a "shrewd negotiator" (see site), legitimate king, and with friendly relations as to Alfred.

Thursday, July 14, 2016

Glastonbury Abbey: Archeology and King Arthur

Archeology at Glastonbury Abbey.  Review of the old, and exploration of the new: Glastonbury Abbey back in the news  Archeology may produce ambiguous results, but continual look-backs are valuable. What was dismissed, or advocated earlier, may be a springboard for new information.  Here, the Abbey site was indeed occupied in the 5th Century, the time of King Arthur, but alleged remains of his body and that of Guinevere?  Not definitive, not really anything.  Just a pit.

Here, the interface of legend and fact, see Legends of Glastonbury at

Timeline highpoints

33-35 CE -- Legend.  Joseph of Arimathea, holder of the Holy Grail (do a search) founds "Christian" church at Glastonbury.  Church?  What institution was in effect so soon after the death?  No mind.

5th Century -- Site is occupied, with "definitive proof" at the Abbey site, and this from the time of the actual King Arthur, see Legends of Glastonbury

600's -- Saxons, now Christian, conquered Somerset county. King:  Ine of Wessex, who built on the Abbey site, see

1066 -- Norman invasion.  Normans added to the existing structures at the Abbey.

1184 -- Huge fire at the Monastery, see site.  Monks rebuild, with some new but old-looking structures, to add to the pilgrimage value, see Legends of Glastonbury site.

1191 -- Monks at the Abbey find a log, hollow but with two bodies inside and a cross with the inscription indicating that here lie "King Arthur and his wife Guinevere."

1278 -- Edward I oversees reburial, bones said to be the royals Arthur and Guinevere

1536-1541 -- Protestant Dissolution of the Monasteries, with Glastonbury Abbey included in 1539.  In 1536, there were 800 monasteries, convents, friaries, reign of Henry VIII.  By 1541, none, with 10,000 religious persons displaced. See Glastonburyabbey site.

1904-1979 --  Era of 36 or so excavations, but unpublished, often misinterpreted

1950's - 1960's -- more excavations, but affirmative evidence for the royals Arthur and Guinevere are contested.

Friday, August 23, 2013

England and Pulp Icons. Country Life. What's For Sale?

Country Life. British pulp magazine in large glossy. 

This is a magazine, oversized, laying out Brit properties for sale.  Property!  A British obsession.  Look at the house hunting international. The British talk of property. The concept uber alles. Not just a piece of real estate, but a property.   Great estates just for you.  Photography.  Vistas.  History.  A delight over coffee before the stress of the day o'ertakes.  Who would not enjoy it? Things for sale.  Acquisition.  Profit.  Find this icon for the uppah classes and wannabes who drool, at

For sale signs.  All over for the Brits to pick and choose.

Who else is property and, accordingly, pointedly included as available?  Ah, yes. The youngish or still-searching Ladies. The bloodline preserves the concept of property. If the property goes by male primogenture (does it still?)  marry up to one of them. Get in line.

  • In each issue, toward the center, more toward the prominence of the beginning than the afterthought of the ending, is this.  The Broad of the Day.  Somebody's Lovely Dottah!  A dewy or airbrushed blooming young thing, or a little past young but hunting for a permanent buyer.  Lady this or that.  The daughter of Who Big and Who Bigger and the genealogy for all to scrutinize.

Buy me says she.  Like Alice in Wonderland.  A cookie.  Eat me. A poor one. Shrink.  Wrong cookie. Eat me.  Grow. 

So, asks she, who will my husband be? 

Go to Country Life and see the dames' daughters in waiting.  There should be an audio attached.  Perhaps a scratch and sniff for the hedgerows.  Ha-has.  See the function of the ha-ha, to preserve boundaries without spoiling the view. at

Go for the before centerfold first, like in Playboy. 

That's the spirit. Pip pip.

Friday, February 01, 2013

WILTSHIRE. Stonehenge and Healing; Acoustics

Ceremonial, Healing, Acoustics, Other? 
2013 update

Stonehenge is a setting of ancient ceremonial standing stones near the town of Amesbury, in Wiltshire. Find it at 

The site is an easy ride from the airport at Heathrow.  A motorway after landing eases practice driving on the left on where there are lots of lanes.  What is Stonehenge?  There are various and ever-changing theories. It continues to amaze.

In addition to its ceremonial attributes, Stonehenge was an acoustic wonder.  By way of update,  today, New Year's 2013, a New York Times review by Katherine Bouton of the book, Discord, the Story of Noise (book by Mike Goldsmith) notes that Stonehenge originally was an acoustical marvel. In 2600 BC, its sound reverberated much like a concert hall, thanks to "thanks to the smooth and slightly curved inner face of the stones," see
Stonehenge: Stone,  Outside Main Perimeter, Wiltshire, England

1.  Stonehenge as a place of worship.

We had been told that this was a place of sun worship - example With the carbon-dating of cremated remains that had been in storage, archeologists then said that the purpose of Stonehenge is clearer. It was a burial ground, and apparently for rulers that dominated the area for some 500 years. Stonehenge itself dates from about 2500-3000 BC. See,0,3850894.story

Update 2011.
Research and archeology are now finding more to this famous setting of monolithic standing stones at Stonehenge, Stonehenge long thought to be for ceremonial and/or burial purposes.  There are other henge monument traces nearby, remains of a mound circle,  gaps, ditches, seen by below-ground imaging and without the digs initially, see  This also dates from 2500-3000 BC, as does mainstream Stonehenge.  Named Bluestone Henge in 2009, at its discovery (after our trip),

Stonehenge, for all its other possible uses, was apparently also a place of healing, its own Lourdes where those with illness or deformity could come for relief.  See

See September 2008 articles, at

Early pilgrims coming to Stonehenge - pre-Christian came from other parts of Europe, not just local. This was the Neolithic era. Some skulls even show signs of surgery (didn't the ancient Egyptians also drill through skulls successfully?), see
Current dating: at 2300 BCE (Before Christian Era), and more precise than the broader range laid out before,  see

2. Logistics

Comment reply -

  • We were able to get very close, but not to touch. Park across the highway, then follow the pedestrian tunnel underneath to the stones' side. There was a gravel walkway around a tight perimeter, with some stones nearby on the other side of the walkway as well. There was a very light wirey fence, nothing formidable, more a guide. We could not wander freely inside the main area of the stones, however.  Everyone stayed on the walkway.